There are various types of lung diseases affecting a large number of people around the world. Considered as one of the most common medical conditions in the world, it is generally induced by smoking, lung infections, and hereditary genes. The lungs are one of the most vital organs in your body and a chronic lung disease can devastatingly affect the quality of your life and health. It lowers your energy levels, inability to breathe, reduces your ability to move around and finally decreasing your lifetime
Although there are many treatments available to confront the symptoms of chronic lung disease and respiratory diseases in the form of medications, use of supplemental oxygen therapy and inhalers, understanding the disease is very important.
Chronic lung diseases are illnesses of the lungs that have advanced due to bad breathing or environmental conditions. These conditions could be poor working conditions, inhaling cigarette smoke or even exposure to high pollution.
These foreign substances in the smoke or air get into the lungs and steadily propel problems restricting the lungs’ function healthily. When the lung gets irritated, the airways get inflamed in order to fight off foreign objects and due to this, the air pathways of the lungs becomes narrow and compressed, resulting in difficult breathing.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD is one of the most important types of chronic lung diseases. It is an adverse and growing lung diseases that extend from mild to serious.
Mainly identified by its blocking of airflow into the lungs, which eventually leads to the patient feeling breathless and difficulty in breathing. Although COPD is one of the main types of lung disease, it is really an illness based on two initial circumstances of emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
Emphysema is the development of the steady collapse of the lungs’ air sacs. The reason for difficult breathing is due to this destruction of the lungs. When the air sacs are destroyed the blood stream gets less oxygen resulting in less oxygen being delivered throughout the body, increasing breathlessness and tiredness.
Chronic bronchitis is the 2nd supplementary stage of COPD. The symptoms include excessive coughing due to mucus building within the airways. This is also due to windpipe and lungs being inflamed. The production of mucus on the airway’s lining creates a painful cough among those inflicted with this disease.
Interstitial Lung Disease
Interstitial lung disease is a phrase used to describe many types of pulmonary disorders that are linked with the fusion of oxygen into the lungs. Symptoms are usually difficulty in breathing, chronic shortness of breath, lungs being scarred, consistently dry and irritating cough.
Pulmonary fibrosis is a disorder that initially makes itself present by scarring the lungs. It causes the passage of the lungs to thicken and harden and leads to the lungs being unable to pass oxygen through its walls.Due to the failure of oxygen reaching the blood stream, these patients may experience shortness of breath.
Bronchiectasis is when the airways are damaged and scarred. Due to this, the airways are unable to clear out mucus and thus the built up mucus blocks the airways leading to bacteria growth and viral infection. These type of lung infections are dangerous to the older generation and those with other health issues.