Lung patients include anyone who is affected with a long-term lung diseases such as Emphysema, chronic Bronchitis, life-threatening asthma, lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (COPD) Lung disease often causes distress and have to be treated according to a medical prescription for relief. But with a healthy diet and proper treatment which includes oxygen therapy, lung patients can enjoy a long and fulfilling life.
Balanced Diet it important
It is important to take a balanced diet, consisting all nutrients and minerals to ensure that your body is strong and healthy. So your diet should include proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals as well as plenty of fluids. It is good to consult a dietician for sound advice and a plan for your diet.
Proteins are very important as they help to form antibodies that help fight infection. Protein also helps muscle build up and your body to become stronger so taking extra proteins is not a loss. The primary sources of protein are meat, fish, eggs, poultry, legumes and dairy products.
Minerals and Vitamins
Minerals and Vitamins are mostly available in fruits and vegetables and can greatly enhance your health. Certain vitamins such as vitamin C, vitamin D and A have been found to reduce the risk of asthma. You can find vitamin C in citric fruit such as orange, grapefruit, kiwi fruit, and vegetables such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and tomatoes and vitamin A in carrots, green pepper, sweet potatoes, and apricots. Vitamin D can be found in food items such as milk, soya, mushroom, and fish. Studies have shown Omega-3 to have a positive effect on asthma patients and magnesium to help relax the bronchi muscles and keep the airways and air sac open helping you to breathe. Both of these can be found in flax seeds. Studies have also shown that eating apples can greatly lower the risk of an asthma attack. Calcium is also crucial to stay strong and healthy so one should also look out to eat plenty of milk products and small fish.
Drinking enough fluids is essential for the thinning and clearance of pulmonary secretions. Sometimes oxygen therapy can dry your mucus membranes so it is advisable to be well hydrated.
What to avoid
Certain food groups cannot only trigger asthma attacks but can also worsen colds and coughs too. These usually include cold food items like ice cream and milkshakes. High Sodium levels should be avoided as it can cause heart failure. It is also good to be aware of special allergies that you may show to some food such as eggs, shellfish, and peanuts to avoid taking such food. Some medicines for lung disease can react with some nutrients. So it is advisable to consult with your doctor or dietitian again about possible interactions with the specific medicines you are taking as well.
A balanced diet, good exercise, and oxygen therapy will keep you strong and healthy for you to enjoy your life.